Are you making plans for your wedding? Congratulations. A wedding ought to be a day to remember for all the right reasons. It is a special day and you deserve the best. Flowers add that special touch to the occasion. They play a big role in setting the tone for the day. Its therefore important to find the right florist for your wedding.
The following tips will help you in your quest for a florist in Boulder, CO:
There are many florists to choose from. There are also many decisions for flowers and flower arrangements that youll have to make once youve found your florist. It is therefore advisable to begin your search for a florist as early as possible. This will give you time to visit their stores and sample their arrangements for yourself.
The best way to find a florist is through recommendations from friends, family or colleagues. You can also search online on popular websites and social media groups for recommendations for florists in your area.
Meet the florist
It is important to meet the florist before you make your final decision. The initial interview will help you get to know the florist better and determine whether they are the right fit for you and your wedding. If youve never seen the florists work, this is a good time to make yourself familiar with it. Go through their portfolio and view the arrangements they have on display.
Carry some inspiration
Have you already chosen the flower arrangements for your wedding? Its good to have a rough idea of what you want for your wedding. Some photos of arrangements you like and the color palate you hope to achieve at your wedding can help to give the florist an idea of what youre looking for. This can help guide your conversation.
What about the money?
Weddings cost money and you need to stick to your budget. Its therefore important to discuss finances upfront. The florist should make it clear how much they will charge for their services and their flowers. Flowers often take up a large chunk of wedding budgets. Ensure that you can compare prices between florists to get the best possible deal.
Its also important to look for a florist who is willing to negotiate on their price. They can break down the cost of their services and show you exactly how you can cut down on the costs to fit in with your budget.
Additional services and expenses
Does the florist offer any special or additional services? Do these services come at additional fees? These additional fees can come in the form of renting vases, taxes or additional labor charges. Ensure that all these issues are made clear.
Take your time when searching for a florist in Boulder, CO. Ensure that you select one that is reliable and can provide references to prove it.
Its Halloween, and youre thinking, hmmm… what am I going to wear today? well you know what? All those ghouls and zombies are getting a little repetitive if you ask me. People these days are into popular characters like the ones they see in movies and TV series. So what better costume than to revive the old classic LORD OF THE RINGS! Now, if you were to choose which character, most people would probably go for the white wizard, or the orcs, or maybe the archer elf. But you know what would really take people by surprise? By becoming the Hobbit!
If youve watched the movie, in the final battle. All the heroes and warriors of The Lord of the Rings shouted for Frodo. It is the Hobbits that really shined at the end! Even today with the New LOTR, hobbits are still the main character! When people see you in a hobbit costume, they wont only give you a smile of appreciation. Hobbit costumes demand respect. A good hobbit costume would go perfectly well with some good dirt make up on your face as if youve faced a thousand battles. Some good wigs would also be nice if you want to have the spitting image of the Hobbit characters. Hobbit costumes would also be super cute when youre visiting a nice family home since the stature and the height is so huggable and cute. I for one would rather have my son dressed as that awesome hobbit adventurer that battled dozens of epic battles instead of some overrated zombie costume.
Another thing about Hobbit costumes is the vast room for creativity. You could go for the traveler type of Hobbit like Frodo and Sam, or you could go for the Warrior Hobbit, going full amor along with a shiny sword, or you could even go for the thief-like hobbit costume, just a simple soft cottoned dark colored costume would do. But never forget the makeup. They should always look battle-hardened. Thats what makes the costume look authentic. Choosing a Hobbit for a costume this Halloween would be totally worth the trip. Youll see old fans of the series have their eyes shine with awe and sentimentality. They would surely adore the costume, and for those who are not familiar with the series could also develop a new kind of appreciation as well.
But what is a costume if you dont act it right? To make the costume look perfect, you need to act the part too! Change the way you walk; the way you talk. Make It sound more Irish-like, and if you want to go all out, you could even memorize some lines from the movie itself and people would totally be amazed seeing you act the part. So why not go for the Hobbit this Halloween? Be unique and choose the path of the weary but determined traveler, and watch people around you be amazed by The Hobbit walking down their front lawn!
The fast-growing bamboo plant is one of the most versatile plants on the face of the planet. It finds uses as cookware in the East and even as scaffolding for building purposes. It can be used as a container for both liquids and solids and is a much sought after plant for decorative use both indoors and out.
However, many people do not realize that Bamboo is also used to make clothing. The sift inner pulp and leaves of the plant are subject to a series of soaking and steaming treatments, and the resulting fiber can then be used for the production of fabric.
This fabric is surprisingly luxurious and when mixed with a small amount of organic cotton (which is the usual practice) it results in a feel that is close to the most luxurious cotton - some of the finer fibers can also be used to produce fabric that actually feels like silk.
Bamboo material has found a ready market in the United States and elsewhere in the world when made into underwear. The natural properties of the material include the ability to wick away moisture, as well as being extremely comfortable to wear. Also bamboo fabric has anti-fungal properties, and the weave is also air permeable, making the garments cool in summer and comfortable in winter. Bamboo underwear also resists odors, and the material is hard wearing.
There is a wide variety of choice in the types of underwear that is available - from briefs, things and bikini styles for women to men's boxers and athletic wear such as jockstraps.
Many people are turning to bamboo fiber underwear as well as other clothing items due to environmental concerns. Bamboo is a sustainable crop and grows extremely quickly making it suitable for low impact agriculture. The impact of farming bamboo is further lessened by the fact that in most regions where the plant is native it does not require treatment with insecticides nor does it require additional fertilizer. Bamboo clothing is also biodegradable - making it among the most ecologically friendly of natural products.
The easiest way to find underwear made from the bamboo material is to source it from a specialist online supplier. It is worth noting that there are also numerous other products made from bamboo fiber, including sheets, towels, and other household items.
Bamboo clothing and other products are becoming more and more popular among people who care for both their own comfort and green issues. It is certainly among the first choices of those who are committed to doing their part in protecting the environment.
Traveling around the United Kingdom is surely on a lot of people's bucket list. Known for its rich history, the UK certainly has numerous stories to share. This sovereign is home to the countries of England, North Ireland, Scotland, and Wales all boasting of serene countryside views, a picturesque seascape, and breathtaking mountainside hikes. With all these amazing places, it is evident why tourism plays an important role in its economy. Hotels and inns are dotted all over, offering visitors with a variety of options to choose from, ranging from homey to luxurious. But among the different accommodation types available, a local favorite is a caravan holiday.
Generally, a caravan is a trailer which may either be towed along with a vehicle or attached to the ground. It is a popular accommodation for those who wish to travel with their families or in small groups because of its homey feel. But aside from that, there are several other reasons why a caravan holiday is a popular choice in the UK.
First, its affordable. Traveling with the family and staying at a hotel can be quite expensive, especially in the more popular tourist spots and during peak season. On the other hand, a caravan holiday only costs as much as the camping space its on. Of course, it does not have hotel amenities such as housekeeping and free breakfast; instead, it allows travelers to prepare their own food and save up on additional expenses.
Second, it builds stronger relationships. Going on a caravan holiday means spending much of the time with the same people. This means getting to know each other better and getting used to their habits good and bad. Although most static caravans now offer indoor amenities such as satellite television and wireless internet, some parents prefer to enjoy the holiday parks outdoor sports amenities with their children to inculcate camaraderie and sportsmanship among them.
In relation to outdoor amenities, another reason to choose a caravan holiday is how it helps people stay in shape. Some campsites offer tennis courts and swimming pools, while some are located near hiking trails. This encourages guests to get out and inspires them to explore the area.
Meeting new people is another reason to choose a caravan. Shared outdoor amenities inevitably lead to meeting fellow travelers who can help improve ones experience by sharing travel tips with each other. After all, these people share the same interests and has probably traveled to a lot of exciting new places, making their stories worth listening to.
Finally, it makes people connect with nature. These holiday parks are often located near coastal areas and near mountainside walking trails. Its the perfect escape for those who wish to take a break from the busy urban life and take it slow to breathe in fresh air the stunning view is a bonus.
Traveling with the family is a great way to strengthen family ties and to encourage kids to explore at an early age. Its also a great way to reward them after a very exhausting school year.
There is nothing better than to spend the whole summer with your family. If you do not have any plans yet, one of the best places to go to for a summer holiday vacation for the whole family is Cornwall. There are activities for every single member of the family. And when you do need to get together, what better way to do it than under the warm Cornish sun. Here are the top 5 reasons why your next family summer vacation should be in Cornwall.
Plenty of Beaches to Choose From - If you are thinking of the turquoise waters of the Caribbean or even the island paradise in Tahiti and other small islands in the Pacific, you do not need to look far because Cornwall has plenty of them. Porthmeor Beach in St. Ives has just been proclaimed as one of Europes best beaches. Together with the crystal clear blue waters off Fowey, Perranporth, and Fistral you and your family will surely get the chance to frolic in the sun, surf, and sand without necessarily having to worry about anything. Cornwalls famous beaches are well secured by topnotch and duly-certified life guards. You do not have to worry about safety. You can simply let your kids and your family will have the best time of your lives.
Enjoy the Sun without Worries - Speaking of the beach, Cornwalls climate is mild compared to the searing heat found in other beaches all over the world. You can surf and stay under the sun all you want without ever worrying about getting heatstroke or sunburned. At the very least, by the time you are done with your family vacation, you will not be looking more like the crispy crust of Cornish pasty.
Holiday Accommodation for all Budgets - from luxury hotels in Newquay, to seaside cottages in Fowey, to cheap bed and breakfasts in Bude, Cornwall has a vast array of holiday accommodation options for families. It is one of the top regions in the UK for holidays and vacations so there is a very varied array of places to stay on the Cornish peninsula.
Cuisine that is Uniquely Cornish - Cornwall is bounded by the warm waters of the North Atlantic so you can expect to have seafood galore. Their restaurants, especially those in Fowey, serve dishes that are made of locally grown ingredients as well as well-fed livestock. Your kids will love Cornish ice cream, Cornish Hevva cake, and the Cornish fairings while you and your spouse will sample the famous Cornish Cream Tea topped with Clotted Cream. As a family, youll be devouring on Langoustine or Monkfish filled Stargazy pie or even chow down on several pieces of the famous Cornish Pasty at a time. Feeling adventurous? Take your family to sample the Cornish Yarg and you will see why half the world is craving for this dairy product that is only found in this part of the British Isles. Now, aint that a treat for the whole family?
Great Family Attractions - There are so many family attractions in Cornwall. Take your kids to understand the different ecosystems of the world at the Eden Project or try feeding farm animals together. You can try visiting old and abandoned tin mines that have already been converted into museums. Or, you can enjoy the whole day in many theme parks and entertainment centres all over Cornwall. Of course, you can try learning as a family the different watersports available in Cornwall.
Famously Scenic Cornish Walks - Cornwalls South West Coast Path stretches for more than 600 miles with spectacular views of both the sea and the green plains of Cornwall. The best stretch of this is in and around Fowey on the south coast. What better way to bond with your family than taking a hike together in one of the many walking routes in Cornwall?
There is a reason why more than 5 million tourists visit Cornwall every year. If you and your family do decide to visit, youll enjoy a holiday to remember and be dreaming of returning to Cornwall again in the future.
There`s a famous line which goes a dog is man`s best friend. This line signifies and defines the relationship a man shares with a pet dog. It is a beautiful feeling to get love and affection from a pet. The innocence which flows down their face and is embedded in their eyes is something which is unfathomable. It is pure worthy of respect. Whether it`s a dog, goat or any other pet all you have to do is to spend quality time with them so that they mingle well with you.
Pet training is not something like coaching classes where one has to take his pet to be trained. It`s all about encrypting your pet`s mind to few movements. That is it has to be trained in a proper manner. Otherwise it would behave in an ill manner and at times would even get violet ignoring all commands made by a master.
Few steps on how to train the dogs or any other pet
The basic step towards pet training is to feed them properly and timely. Timely because the pet would get use to a specified time and would give nods and shook regarding his meal. Therefore the food must be given properly two or three times a day. Keep the water bucket stuffed always.
How to give the pet potty training
Mostly pets poop after 30 minutes of feed but it does not apply to all pets. Each pet has its own excreting period. Therefore chose a specific area like a separate toilet for his excretions and train it to urinate or poop there only and nowhere else. For instance if you see a dog getting in a position of pooping then immediately pick him up and drag it to his place. Do this three to four times and the dog would get used to it.
Housetraining when the pet wakes up or goes to sleep
Before the sleep always check the pet where he is. Take him to his toilet and make him poop out before going to bed. After he finishes take him to his bed.
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The next thing to first in the morning when the pet wakes up is to first take it for eliminating wastage. Feeding comes next. Feed him what he eats but in limited quantity. Do not over feed. Chances of diarrhea increase when the pet is overfed because it fails to digest the food. Also when the puppy urinates or excretes at a wrong place sternly pick him and take to his toilet. Pet training is all about being conscious of what your pet does and how it reacts. Be calm and soft on the pet and never shower any anger on it.
Dog training is an essential part of a healthy bond between human and dog. Dog training is not easy, but the more knowledge you have, the easier it will be. Equip yourself by reading the piece that follows.
Dogs quickly learn whether or not you really expect them to respond to your commands every time or if they might be able to get away with not obeying on occasion. Don't send false messages! Don't give your dog a command unless you are prepared to follow through and insure your dog obeys that command.
House training your puppy can be a lot faster and more effective using a crate. The crate should never be used for punishment. The puppy should be put in it at night and in between times of interaction with his owner. His natural instinct is to not relieve himself in his sleeping area.
Have frequent or as necessary mini-training sessions to reinforce and keep the rules fresh in your dog's mind. People think that just because their dog has been trained once, that is all they need. Pets are just like humans, in that they follow habitual routines. Therefore it is very important to maintain a good set of rules for your dog.
Crate training is a good skill for a dog of any age to have. Teaching your dog to stay in their crate quietly takes time and patience but can be a valuable tool while potty training or a safe place for him to stay while you are away from the house.
Dogs usually respond well to physical rewards when being trained. Almost all dogs have an extremely large capacity for love. That makes them respond very well to rewards like belly scratching, back petting and brushing. Your dog wants to be loved and greatly appreciates you giving him affection. Show your happiness with his success this way.
Dog barking can be stopped by removing the cause. First, determine what it is that causes your dog to bark- a knock on the door, someone walking by the car, or other cause. The key is teaching them that their triggers are nothing to fear.
A great dog training tip is if it seems like you can't get your dog to listen or learn on a particular day you should check your dog to notice any symptoms of illness. Some other indicators that your dog is sick, could be that he is sleeping excessively or has stopped eating. By paying attention to your dog's symptoms, you'll be able to get him to the veterinarian quicker.
In many cases, a dog's diet can be contributing to the behavior and health problems that he is having. Be sure that you are feeding your dog a balanced diet and he is going to thank you by adapting his behavior to be accepted, more important than that, he will be healthier for many more years.
When training, only use short sessions. Sessions should be nor more than 15 minutes to avoid frustrating the dog, which is counterproductive. After every training session, be sure to play with them and praise them a lot.
Choose a consistent command or sound to use when training your dog not to bark. Make sure everyone in the household knows the command or sound to use and applies it consistently. Dogs learn better with consistency and when everyone in the dog's household gives a consistent message, unwanted barking can be eliminated faster.
Be patient when training your dog. You may need to repeat positive reinforcement numerous times to consistently get the behavior you want. You may also need to consistently refocus your dog from negative behaviors. Realizing it takes time to train a dog can make the experience much more pleasurable for both you and your pet.
To help you train your dog so it is obedient and well behaved, it is important to show the dog that you, and you only, are the pack leader. This means showing a dominant presence so the dog understands that he is not the leader and he must follow your commands. If you follow this key step, you will be on your way to training your dog effectively.
If you wish to succeed when training your dog, you should commit yourself to a particular length of time consistently. Dogs learn from repetition and consistency. The act of spending time with your pet dog daily can convince them that you are reliable and consistent. Your dog will see you as the pack leader.
When looking to hire a dog trainer, finding someone who uses positive training techniques can be very beneficial. Your dog will respond better to praises, treats, and encouragement than to physical or mental agitation. Negative training methods can be very ineffective and cause harm to the animal as well.
You have to make sure that your dog listens to what you say. Use the tips from this article to make training your dog a little easier. Getting the desired results takes time, so be prepared for the occasional setback. Good obedience is going to take repetition over time, so make certain that you keep expanding your knowledge in this area for true success.
On the face of it, the 12 string and 6 string guitar are simply two variations of the same thing. Surely we can play them in the same way? The chords formations are basically the same, so it follows that any song we can play on one, we can play on the other. This is true up to a point. The differences between the two are not so obvious, and include one or two factors you might not have considered.
The 12 strings are placed in close proximity, so that it's very difficult to play one without the other. This is done for a reason. The first 6 counting from the basses, are of different cross sectional area and tuned an octave apart. The note is basically the same but spaced 8 notes apart, which gives a rich tone if tuned accurately - the harmonics mingle and produce a warm tone. Tuning accuracy is absolutely key when dealing with a 12 string guitar!
It really comes into it's own when finger picked by a true expert guitarist. Artists like Piedmont guitar master Reverend Gary Davis, Leadbelly and Leo Kottke come to mind. While it is possible to pick with bare fingers, it's not so easy due to the configuration. Most players use finger picks of some kind, almost always favoring a large plastic variety for the thumb, and either plastic or steel for one or more fingers. Gary Davis preferred a Jim Dunlop brand thumb pick and stainless steel ones for one finger of his right hand.
Steel picks create a very sharp and bright sound - great for cutting through the traffic noise if playing on the street. Plastic finger picks give a slightly softer sound, but are not so accurate. A good trick with the steel variety is to bend the tips over so that they follow the contour of the finger end, so that the contact point is about the same as if bare fingers were used.
Trying to keep children entertained can be a full-time job in and of itself. Kids quickly get bored with their regular toys, which can lead to a lot of whining and frustration. Rather than sitting them down in front of the TV or a video game system to fill up their time, why not try hiring a bouncy castle? There is no better way to spend your family's leisure time than by providing a fun, safe way for children to play outdoors.
If you aren't familiar with bouncy castles, they are large, inflatable structures that are shaped like castles. They generally have an entryway that allows children to climb inside. Once they are in the castle, they can jump and bounce around on the balloon-like structure without fear of injury. Because the entire area is enclosed by walls, you don't have to worry about them falling off like you would with a trampoline. Instead, they can bounce as much as they want without putting themselves at risk of being injured.
One of the things that makes these castles so much fun is that they are brightly colored and come in a variety of different shapes, sizes, and styles. Whether you hire them for a special party or event or just for a weekend at home, they can be a great way to keep children entertained. Your kids will be the envy of the neighborhood, with all of their friends wanting to come over and play.
There are, however, a few important things you should keep in mind when you are deciding which bouncy castle to rent. First, you should look at the reputation of the rental company. It is important to work with a company that has been in business for quite a while. This will help ensure that they provide high-quality rental products that don't have any faults or flaws.
You may want to call around to a few different rental agencies to find out how much renting one of these bouncy castles costs. Prices can be quite different from one company to the next. A few simple phone calls can sometimes help you save a lot of money.
Once you decide where you are going to rent from, be sure to read the rental contract thoroughly. You should understand your responsibilities before you sign on the dotted line. For instance, you need to make sure that you understand who is responsible for repairs if any damage occurs to the castle. Additionally, you also need to know exactly when the castle needs to be returned to the rental agency to avoid any late fees.
Hiring a bouncy castle is a great way to spend your leisure time with your family. Hearing the delighted giggles of your children as they bounce and jump around is absolutely priceless. It is a far better way to spend a weekend than stuck inside sitting in front of the TV or playing on the Internet. Check out our bouncy castle hire Doncaster service.
The 'race' in Race Records was in fact a reference to records specifically cut for the black community, mostly inhabiting the city areas of Washington, Detroit and Chicago. From a historical view point, the term seems derogatory but in those days it was simply a way of saying that the music recorded was of a type preferred by African-Americans. The blues roots music emanated from the deep southern states and just blossomed after the end of slavery. For many reasons, the rhythms of their African roots had a powerful impact on the emotions, but also serving to entertain.
Luckily, in many cases, these vinyl discs are the only record of a musical era long past, so we should be grateful for that. Of course, certain people decided to preserve the country blues music for prosperity and set out to travel through the states to make field recording of rural musicians. Some of these complement the later records and make a very interesting comparison. For example, there are two recordings on Walkin' Blues by Son House, the Mississippi Blues Legend. The vinyl version was the standard three minutes long and featured House playing his National Steel guitar with a bottleneck.
Without a doubt, it's exciting and a very powerful performance. However, a field recording of the song performed by Son House and three other musicians showed the value of such expeditions, creating an atmosphere just not possible in the studio. In the earlier field session, the mix of instruments is absolutely perfect, creating a moving tapestry of sound at the same time complex and basic. Son House's voice and thrashing guitar raises above it all and his fellow player shout encouragement throughout the piece. At one point a train passes the street, and one can clearly hear the hoot of it's whistle and the rattle of it's wheels as it passes by!
The labels and posters printed to advertise the artists are also a testament to the times they were living in. Typically, the guitarists were portrayed as lovers and jack-the-lads, with references to the Black Snake and the Devil. Exciting images amplified the good time appeal of these latter day pop stars, and the embryonic American advertising style was working overtime. Some artists took great advantage of their relative wealth and fame. At the height of his career, Blind Lemon Jefferson rode around in a limousine, complete with chauffeur, so he must have been selling lot of records.
One by one, the old blues men disappeared as the ravages of the Great Depression destroyed the market for that kind of music. Some men went back to their rural life before playing music, some died accidentally and others killed themselves with drink and drugs - habits acquired during periods of relative wealth and easy living. A few survived the period and re-appeared later on during the 60s folk blues revival, like Scrapper Blackwell, who was tragically killed by a mugger in his home town of Indianapolis.
Some popular pet birds are really easy to care for, such as parakeets, they can pretty much be left in their cages almost every day and they don't need a lot of attention. However, parrots are in need of much more attention from everyone in the home, they'll chew on stuff all day long, plus, some of them scream and shout constantly when left unattended. There are several different kinds that make good pets for the right kind of family, let's take a look at how to bring home and take care of baby parrotlets.
Parrotlets Are A Part Of The Family For Life
One thing that a lot of pet owners really don't understand about parrots is that they need to be a part of your family for life. They won't sit quietly all day long in their cage while you watch TV and ignore them. They'll be shouting at you the whole time.
This behavior is to be expected and should never be punished, it's their natural way of getting your attention. At least, the parrotlets don't scream loudly like some of the larger birds like the Amazons or the African gray parrots. They are quite a bit quieter than those large birds.
Baby Parrotlets Are A Lot Of Work At First
Bringing home some of these cute little birds is taking on quite a bit of responsibility on your part. They are going to need lots of care like a baby human at first but you'll be rewarded with a lot of satisfaction as you see them grow into absolutely beautiful adults in due time.
Parrotlets are usually removed from the nest at around 2 weeks old to relieve some of the stress on the mama bird. She will normally have 4 or more eggs that hatch and if she gets too overburdened the younger hatchlings will die. So by removing them at 2 weeks more of the babies are ensured of survival.
Another reason that it's a good idea to remove them from the mother at 2 weeks is that their eyes are not yet open. They will imprint on the first live thing they see, thinking it's their mother, at 2 1/2 to 3 weeks old. This is an important bonding characteristic that the new owners can take advantage of to make companions of the new babies quickly. They'll have far less fear of their new owners and be easier to care for and train.
Keep In Mind That You'll Need To Feed Them Every 4 Hours At First
You, or someone in the home, will have to be there every 4 hours to feed the baby parrotlets special formula that is made just for them. It will have all the nutrients that they need to thrive and you'll need to buy it at the pet store where you bought your young baby birds. They'll need hand feeding until they are about 6 to 8 weeks old. They'll usually let you know by starting to reject your feeding attempts so you can start them on hard seeds at about 8 to 9 weeks.
If you've thought about getting some baby parrotlets as pets keep in mind how much work they are for the first 9 weeks or so of life. After that, they get much easier and you can spend your time teaching them small tricks and beginning speech patterns which can be one of the most rewarding times of your life.
If you're looking to buy these tiny lovely birds, you can purchase from Xtreem Parrotlets. According to their website, they are the number one sellers in the USA and largest worldwide exporters.
A lot of people are trying different ways to train their dogs, but are finding difficulty in doing so. You have to remember that when it comes to dog training -- the more you know, the better chance you have at actually succeeding. So take note from tips in articles like the one here, and you should have a better idea of how to train your dog.
If you want to help your dog succeed in his training program, take a moment to try and think like he does. Understanding how your pet views the world can help you make better training decisions for him. The better suited your program is to your dog's personality, the more success you will have while training.
As you begin working with your dog on their training program, make sure to pay close attention to their diet. Much like humans, a dog gets their fuel from what they eat each day. Having a diet that is not nutritionally sound can affect a dog's behavior and make training more difficult.
All dogs should be taught the basics of obedience training not only to keep them safe but to protect people and other animals to which they are exposed. Start teaching your dog how to sit, stay, heel, come, and understand the word "no" as soon as he is old enough to be trained. Even the calmest dog may unexpectedly start to chase a car, a bike, a cat or a squirrel. Giving the command "no" or "come" should stop the dog in his tracks and prevent him from getting hit by a car or endangering the person or animal he is chasing. Some dogs tend to jump on people as a means of welcoming them, but this could be dangerous to small children or elderly people who aren't steady on their feet. Telling your dog to "sit" and "stay" eliminates this concern. A well-trained dog not only makes a pleasant companion but also reduces the risk of accidental injury to himself or others.
When choosing a new dog for your household, it is a good idea to do some research on different breeds of dogs. This will help you find some that are suited for you and your lifestyle so the dog can be a part of your family for many years to come.
Make a point to enjoy your time with your dog while you are training. Taking time to play creates a strong bond between the two of you, and your dog will be more likely to respond well to training. While training is fun in itself, take some time to just play for enjoyment each day.
If your dog's barking is driving you nuts, you might try acclimating the animal to whatever stimuli is causing the undesirable excitement. Maybe it's a specific sound, or perhaps it's being near other people or certain animals. This will help your dog understand that barking is unnecessary.
To house train your dog, you should establish a regular schedule for their meals. Take away their water at night. If your dog eats on schedule, you should be able to tell when it need to go outside. If you feed your dog right before you go to bed, chances are you will not be able to take it outside on time.
When house training your new puppy you need to follow a strict schedule. Get your puppy outside to eliminate first thing in the morning, last thing at night, and every couple of hours in between. This will help him to learn that elimination happens outside. It also prevents pee scents (which are attractive to your dog) from being in the house to begin with.
One tip to keep in mind when training your dog, is that there is no one way to train your dog because your dog is unique. This is important because you need to understand your dogs needs, and what the best way is to approach training and discipline. You definitely do not want to stick to a method if it is the wrong way to teach your dog.
Be consistent when training a dog. A dog does not understand why sometimes hanging out on the couch is allowed, but other times results in a scolding. Decide what the rules are, and stick to them every time. Soon your dog will know what to expect and want to please you by doing the right thing (and receiving the occasional praise and even a treat or two for getting caught doing well.)
To help train your dog, you must be consistent in your use of commands. Your dog will remember the way a command sounds, not the context of the command. For example, if you wish to use the command "come" to summon the dog, only use that command. Do not use a command "here", or "get over here" and expect the same result.
Do not give up when you're training your dog. While it may be frustrating at times, if you don't persevere and constantly reinforce the teachings to the dog, your efforts will be wasted. Keep in mind that in addition to giving your dog food and shelter, training will be a life-long process.
If Fido has really messed up and say, eaten the trash for the third time this week, take a moment and calm down before reacting. If the incident didn't happen immediately, your dog will not connect the behavior to the punishment, so save your voice and consider ways to make sure the behavior doesn't happen again.
Make use of a crate when training your dog. It is important to put your dog out on a regular schedule for the crate method to work. With crate training, your dog can be housebroken in no time.
With the information you have just learned you should now have a better idea of how to train your dog. Now that you've expanded your knowledge form strategies and goals in your dog training efforts, if you aren't meeting your goals, then try switching things up until you find a strategy that works for you.
Traveling is something that lots of people would like to do. A lucky few get to take a trip and experience the most exotic places throughout the world. To help you to be one of the lucky ones, you can take action and set yourself a goal and start putting a big of money aside each month. A piggy bank is a fantastic way to get yourself started, no matter if you consider going some-where within your own country or traveling worldwide. That little bit extra you put aside can add up quickly. If you have no cash to spare don't worry. A hike in the woods or a brief journey to view areas located near you, can be equally as fulfilling!
If you thinking of taking a trip with little ones, make sure to stop on a regular basis en route there and back. It is also a good idea to explain to them in detail where you are going, and also for how long it will require to get there. If you want to avoid lots of question related to are we there yet or the repeated affirmation that they are bored then get some things together like colouring books, or iPads to keep them busy during the trip.
It is also a good idea to dress correctly for your journey. There is no point is looking good but feeling uncomfortable or cold during your trip. Loose fitting clothes like track suit bottoms instead to skinny jeans will contribute to a better traveling experience all round. Also, no matter where you take a trip, know the type of weather you are going to experience is essential. Set aside time when planning your travel to examine the normal conditions for the time of year in the location you are visiting. Recognizing this allows you to pack correctly as well as plan accordingly. Staying aware of the weather conditions will enable you to plan better and if required, pack additional or less clothes.
Carry out some research about your destination before you get there and try to learn what the area is famous for. You would be better off investing in one or two quality souvenirs instead of picking up a couple of tacky items from cheap gift shops. These type of stores tend to target tourists and the items are often of poor quality, that tend to fall apart after a couple of weeks. Invest your hard earned money in some quality items, to avoid getting ripped-off by the locals.
One piece of advice I always stand by is to make sure that you book any internal airport transfers in advance. It give you plenty of time to research the best way to get to your final destination, instead of when you maybe tired after a long flight and may pay over the odds just to get to your hotel.
Another thing to watch out for is when hotels or resorts have video games in your room. Check with the reception desk if these are including in the room before hand or you could get a not so nice surprise or an extra bill, that you were not expecting. You can ask for these to be removed from your room in advance, if you are traveling with kids. Alternatively, if you are happy to use these, just be aware of all associated charges before hand and build the cost into your budget.
Anyone who is in the process of becoming a singer should spend some time on training themselves on becoming a cool minded person. You could call a teacher to your house, visit the teachers house or simply choose vocal training online to train your voice. However, the personal traits of a person are something that he/she needs to work on through self-help. When you become a big artist, you have to introduce some traits in your character that might not be there at first. Being patient, cool and calm is most important for any singer. In what follows, the main reasons for this are explained.
It is true for almost every famous artist that their privacy will be breached. When you are famous, you have to give a sacrifice of your privacy and personal life. You cant just think of going out shopping like normal people. As soon as you set foot outside your car you will be surrounded by a group of people. While the fans should realize that they are actually annoying their favorite artist by doing so, they just never stop themselves from doing this. You will have to face such a scenario several times and so you have to keep your cool to move on in your life.
It is impossible to think of an artist today without internet presence. You will have to have a Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and Instagram account in order to keep in touch with your fans and followers. However, among your most beautiful fans are your ugliest enemies. These people are not there to give you constructive criticism. They are there to provoke you into saying something that would go against you and result in a fizzle for your career. When you see these comments, pretend that you never saw them.
The Paparazzi can also cause you problems. These are individuals who can get even the coolest of the people angry. It is because they have a very unruly attitude. Whenever confronted by the artist, they never respond in a respectable manner and rather hold a stance that seems as if they are ready to fight. They take your pictures even if you are on the other side of the world having some fun with your family on the beach. No sooner than you come back, you find out your pictures on the internet. This thing could literally get your mind in flames.
Getting hit during concerts is another potentially big issue. There are hundreds of videos on YouTube that you can check out to see how even the biggest and most famous artists can have a bad day on the stage just because of their fans. It is quite common for artists to get hit with bottles and all other funny things during their performance. Laser lights, panties, bras etc. are some other popular items that are thrown at artists. You might want to check out the video where Justin Bieber was hit right in his head with a bottle. Nickleback (the rock and metal band) was attacked with stones.
You can't underestimate the value of a reliable mini cab service. For others, a small taxi is a lifeline-- a trip to the regional stores or to the doctors-- and routine consumers establish excellent relationships with the motorists.
- A night out
- Theatre trips
- The school run
- Visiting the physician or the hospital
- Helping with grocery store buying
- Airport transfers
Exactly what should you look for when you're selecting a taxi service?
An excellent mini taxi company will be licensed by their regional authority. For example here in Leicestershire it is our Charnwood Council that gives out licences to our local Taxi firms. One such firm called Loughborough Taxis are registered with the council. Requirements for licensing can vary, however authorities have to understand that the automobiles made use of by the taxi business are ideal for bring travelers, and business might likewise have to submit proof of ownership and pertinent service details for the automobiles, in addition to copies of the driving licences of drivers working for business. When accredited, the company should show their licence number on the cab, so examine that the business is licensed prior to you book with them.
Suggestion is commonly the very best method to find a great mini taxi service. Learn which services are used routinely by grocery stores and physician's surgical treatments, or ask neighbours which companies they would utilize. You will discover that the majority of people have actually come across a business with very great or very bad service and are happy to inform you who they utilize.
If you're preparing a long trip, see to it that the company you choose wants to agree a cost before you begin. Most trustworthy firms like the for mentioned Loughborough Taxis will have set prices for trips to city centres or airports and if you agree this rate before you go, you won't get any nasty surprises at the end. For shorter journeys, ask for a price quote and find out whether service charges apply after a specific time.
If you're going to be making use of a small taxi service on a regular basis, it makes good sense to do a bit of research before you commit to a reservation. That way, you can discover a service that meets all your requirements and is of real consumption to you.
You cannot underestimate the significance of a reputable mini cab service. Requirements for licensing can vary, but authorities require to know that the automobiles utilized by the taxi company are suitable for bring travelers, and companies may also have to send evidence of ownership and pertinent service information for the cars, as well as copies of the driving licences of motorists working for the company. Suggestion is frequently the finest way to find a great mini cab service. Discover out which services are used routinely by grocery stores and doctor's surgical treatments, or ask neighbours which business they would utilize.
Stress is a constant part of life. Practically everybody in the world faces a certain degree of stress in their day-to-day life. This is still true even for seniors because there is no workload to keep their mind off their personal problems. In order to live a healthy life, people must learn how to cope with this stress.
One of the best ways to cope with stress is by having a hobby. There are many personal benefits to having a hobby. Here are a few examples:
A hobby can help a person develop creativity. Life will always be full of struggles. People must be creative in coping with lifes daily challenges. For seniors that no longer have to worry about their careers, getting in touch with their personal side is essential to living a healthy life amidst all the stress. Having a creative outlet can help them muddle through lifes adversities.
Confidence is usually developed through the acquisition of skills and achievements. For seniors, confidence may be a bit of a problem since they no longer practice their professions. In fact, most seniors prefer staying put they lack the confidence to try out something new because of their age. A hobby can change this kind of perspective. Even seniors can gain confidence by challenging themselves with their hobbies.
Again, most seniors tend to stay at home more than they did when they were younger. This can change if they only get themselves a hobby. A hobby can bring about people together. It provides a great opportunity to showcase personal development with others that share the same interests.
Of course, a hobby is something that can provide great enjoyment. With a hobby, you can take your mind off things that upset you. A hobby can help your mind refocus on more important things in life instead of dwelling into a sad situation.
5. Personal Development
Contrary to a popular saying, old dogs can still learn new tricks. Even seniors can learn a hobby late in life because it can give a great sense of personal development. There is always something new to learn and getting a hobby can help you do just that.
FINDING THE RIGHT HOBBY
In case you want to help your grandparents learn something new, here are some tips in choosing the right hobby for them:
Find a hobby that can challenge them to learn something new. However, make sure to choose a hobby that does not have such a hard learning curve. Choose something that is easy to learn but can still provide a challenge to master.
2. Suited to the personality
Choose a hobby that is inclined with the personality of your grandparents. You should focus on something that they are already naturally good at so that they will not have that much difficulty in learning.
A great hobby you can introduce to seniors would be playing the guitar. It is fairly easy to learn the basic chords of the guitar. This is a great hobby for anyone who loves music and seniors really love music. If they really get into it, there are even advanced lessons in guitar playing. Just be sure to check out this online guitar lessons review website at GuitarBrief to find the best program for them.
The poker online industry experienced a big boom with the introduction of poker tournaments. Many people found that joining such tournaments was a lot of fun. You get to make a lot of new friends poker buddies from all over the world who are just as taken with the game as you are.
These tournaments are fast-faced, challenging, and very engaging. In a typical online poker tournament, a single table is a small-scale version of the bigger multi-table tournament. You will be playing with eight or nine players in this table all playing pretty aggressively. BetOnline poker is worth looking at when you are ready to try your luck for real.
When you decide to join such a tournament, you have to have a game plan. You have to have certain strategies up your sleeve. You may want to compete for the top prize or simply be content with staying long enough to get some rewards. Whatever your goal is, never play the game without taking the time out to plan your strategies.
When you join an online poker tournament, you can expect your opponents to be usually gung ho in their disposition playing a bit wildly and too aggressively. Most gamblers are eager to get their game going, to have an early start, not minding that they risk losing everything simply because they want to enjoy an early advantage over the other players.
You should be an astute player and use your opponents thirst to YOUR advantage. You should be able to snatch the edge from them before they even realize what is happening. If you hold a monster card, this allows you to quickly turn the tables on them without them realizing what hit them.
You are likely to gain from the ability to wait things out. Be patient. Keep yourself from aggressively confronting your opponents. A confrontational style, particularly if demonstrated at the early stages of the game, is likely to put your game at risk. Staying out of the firing line during the initial stages may spell your survival.
Be patient and prudent. Wait for other players to be whacked out of the game before you pounce on the remaining ones. Playing it cautious and safe allows you the chance to observe the competitors and monitor their moves. Getting a handle on their playing styles helps you to form effective strategies to help you win the game. Remind yourself that you do not have to get every pot that comes along. Staying in the game at this point is the critical objective.
Strategies for the Early Rounds
Individuals tend to have different styles when they play poker. Most want to start strong to chalk up wins immediately. These are the aggressive players, out to make their presence felt during the early part of the game.
Others start sure and slow sizing up the competition and analyzing the ratio of risk and reward. These individuals are inclined to think that you do not put yourself in the position of winning big by risking everything too early for wins that may seem meager compared to the full pot that everybody is eyeing.
You may be wise to establish yourself in the second category. You may not win much during the early stage. But, on the other hand, you are not likely to commit a mistake and end up earning less than what you spend.
The best strategy to take is to go slow moving in deliberately and patiently until only a few are left. Stay in the game never mind the small wins. Once you realize that the individual wins do not count as much as making the kill, you will be able to take a defensive position and just grow your stack. You do not want to be knocked off by taking a big risk for just a small profit.
Once you see that the number of players left has dwindled to a few fortunate and shrewd ones, it is time to reveal your aggressive side. The tournament will have played more than halfway through by this time and the pot has gotten way bigger. This is the time to make your final strategy to go for the kill. Starting slow allows you to remain in the game and go for the big money at the final face-off.
HEPA vacuum cleaner is refer to those vacuum cleaners that equipped with HEPA filter system. The world standard HEPA system cleaners is very suitable for those that suffering asthma and allergies. This is because the HEPA filtration can capture up to 99.97% of dusts and pollens and hence air in your home will be cleaner and fresher.
Deciding which particular model you should buy is a complicated decision and will depend on at least several of the following factors:
1. Your budget.
2. Your choice of canister, upright, or handheld vacuum.
3. Bag or no bag (bagless)?
4. If you have stairs at home.
5. If you have hardwood or tile floors.
6. If you plan to use the cleaner on vacuuming furniture or drapes.
There are also monetary considerations such as how much you would like to pay for your HEPA filter. Since you will be replacing this on a regular basis, you might want to check out the prices of the filters before you make your final decision on which vacuum cleaner you want to buy.
Because these are fairly high-tech devices, you should also pay close attention to the length and type of warranty that you are getting and whether it covers parts and labor or just parts. Especially if you will be using your HEPA vacuum cleaner on a regular basis (at least once per week), then you should definitely invest in one that is a little sturdier and comes from a reputable manufacturer.
For households that have people with allergies, asthma, cats, or dogs, having a HEPA vacuum cleaner is almost a necessity. You will not only notice a reduction in symptoms but you will also notice that the air smells cleaner and that everything you vacuum appears much cleaner, too. Although you might want to save a few dollars and get a more affordable model, if your health and wellness are at risk from the allergens in the air in your home, then it is definitely worth spending the extra money for a HEPA model.
The Popular Vacuum Models With HEPA Filter
When you think of vacuuming, you usually think of the name Hoover, and the Hoover WindTunnel T-Series Upright Bagless Vacuum is one of the best selling products on the market today. This is a relatively lightweight upright vacuum that uses Hoovers patented WindTunnel Technology to get constant suction. It has a five-position height adjustment, a no-scuff bumper, and a 27-foot retractable cord. There is a rinse-clean filter and a permanent HEPA filter included, as well as a full set of devices for doing your curtains, small crevices, and furniture. This model comes with a two-year limited warranty.
One of the more expensive HEPA models on the market today is the Miele Complete C3 series of canister vacuums. This series of vacuums are equipped with HEPA Air Clean filter. The vacuum uses 1200-watt Vortex motor, 6-speed power control, a telescopic, stainless steel wand, sealed system and it comes with several tools such as Turbo brush, Parquet Twister, Upholstery and crevice tool.
There are several canister vac models by Eureka that uses the HEPA filter like Eureka Pet Lover Mighty Mite, 3684F and Eureka Complete Clean Canister Vacuum Cleaner, 955A which is very popular in the market now.
For a much more affordable vacuum that is HEPA-enabled, you can search either on local vacuum specialists or online stores like Amazon, Walmart, Best Buy, Target, etc. By researching online, you also can do the prices comparison and read the customer reviews to know better on a particular vacuum model.
Okay so you have actually decided to keep fish and want to buy your own fish tank. All you need to do is go to the family pet shop and pick out a tank and the prettiest fish in the store, and you are ready to go? This is not the right way to go about it and you will end up with dead fish and a waste of your time and money. You must start out right to make this simple and easy for you to get enjoyment and pleasure form this pastime. Do not buy any fish just yet, you have to do some research, talk to people and read a little first.
Assuming that you have bought an aquarium, the next step is to get it ready for use. In order to get your tank ready, first rinse out the tank with clean faucet water. Rinse any substrate and any gravel you may have bought as well. If you are using an under gravel filter place it in the bottom of the tank. Next cover the filter with roughly two to three inches of gravel. Fill the tank about a 3rd of the way complete with water that has actually been de-chlorinated. The next step is to include any plants or designs to the tank. Check with your seller on the specifics for including live plants. Some live plants have to be anchored, while others can be left free floating. Next link the air pump and filtering system, and fill the tank the rest of the way. Lastly put the lid on the tank and let it cycle for one to two days, longer if you can wait, prior to including any fish to the tank.
View the tank for cloudiness and inspect the temperature level and P.H. of the water. If all is clear you may include a couple of hardy fish. It is very important to choose fish that can hold up against high levels of nitrites and ammonia, because these levels are constantly high in a brand-new tank due to the nitrogen cycle. Debris in the tank from fish excretions help to create the great bacteria that is needed in order for the fish to survive. Given that there are presently few fish in the tank this will take some time. It usually takes about 4 to six weeks. You can then start to introduce more fish once the PH level is right and settled.
Depending on the size of the tank and where it is kept the room temperature may not be suitable for your fish. You may have to buy an aquarium heater to raise the water temperature to the right level. These come in different sizes (Watts) to suit the different size of tanks and the difference in room temperature to the temperature you want the aquarium water to be at.
After you purchase your fish, let them drift on the surface of the tank in the bag for about fifteen minutes. The function of this is to permit the fish to be at the same temperature to the water temperature in the aquarium. Introduce the fish into the aquarium utilizing a bucket and a web. Do not put the water from the bag into the fish tank. The water from the bag might shake off your perfectly regulated water and may be high in ammonia, along with present new bacteria to the fish tank. Watch the fish carefully for signs of tension. Stress triggers illness in fish. Monitor their activity levels. Inactive fish or fish hanging out near the surface of the aquarium shows anxiety. Wait anywhere from a week to a month before introducing any brand-new fish to the aquarium, enabling the existing fish to become adjusted to their environment.
Too many beginners think that one only needs clean-looking water and a filter that produces a lot of bubbles to keep happy fish. This, however, is a dangerous myth to keep and propagate, as a lot of toxic compounds could reside in even the clearest bodies of water. That being said, here are the factors that affect water quality in a fish tank:
Size of the Tank
One of the most common mistakes beginners make is buying the smallest tank possible because they think that itll be a lot easier to maintain. Especially for saltwater tanks, this is a bad idea, as smaller tanks have much lower thresholds for mistakes. For example, if a fish dies, in a tank smaller than 20 gallons, this would cause a huge spike in nitrates, even worse, nitrites and ammonia. In a tank larger than 100 gallons, however, this is pretty negligible. Also, smaller tanks are much less immune to temperature swings. For people keeping reef tanks, a quick drop or rise in temperature could mean a tank crash. In any case, youll want to purchase the largest tank you can afford to buy and maintain.
Regular Water Changes
Water changes are probably the closest thing there is to a magic bullet. Its often the expert aquarists weapon of choice when the fish are sick or simply look stressed. Also, since most aquariums, barring the ones that are heavily planted or use deep sand beds, macro algae, or algae scrubbers, cannot completely remove the last product of the nitrogen cycle, specifically, nitrates. One will have to rely on water changes to remove them from the aquatic system.
Some products in the market claim to remove nitrates. However, these are really more of band aid solutions, since while one removes nitrates from the system, one doesnt replenish trace elements that plants or the fish use up. In doing water changes, however, take care not to change more than 50% of the water, as this could shock more sensitive fish and invertebrates and end up doing more harm than good (some fish actually die this way!).
The most common type of filtration is mechanical, which is pretty much just putting a sponge or a filter wool in a filter compartment and letting it trap detritus. A common mistake novice aquarists make is letting the dirt accumulate for long periods of time.
When the dirt stays in your filter for a couple of days or weeks, it breaks down into nitrate, turning your filter into a nitrate factory. That being said, youll want to replace filter wools weekly and rinse sponges or pads weekly as well.
Chemical filtration media are meant to help stabilize tank parameters. Activated carbon, for example, removes tannins from the water, which makes the water much clearer and therefore allows more light to reach plants and corals. There are also certain chemical filtration media that remove phosphates (Granular Ferric Oxide, usually), but youre going to want to research a bit more about what youre trying to remove with chemical filtration, as adding chemical filtration media haphazardly can be quite dangerous. The tank parameters could rise or fall more quickly than the tank inhabitants could handle. A secondary part of the chemical filtration equation is maintaining the correct pH level for your specific fish. This is a vital component of controlling the proper water quality. A simple digital pH meter is all that is required to test your pH levels on an ongoing basis.
Biological filtration media are really just products that can house more beneficial bacteria that convert ammonia to nitrites, and nitrites to nitrates, and in rare cases, nitrates to nitrogen gas. Even mechanical filtration media will offer some sort of biological filtration. If, however, youre keeping an overstocked tank, youll want to add ceramic rings or bio balls so that youll have enough beneficial bacterial colonies that convert ammonia to nitrites and nitrites to nitrates.
For saltwater tanks, however, youll want to go with live rock, which is basically a bunch of dead corals that can house lots of beneficial bacteria.
They say that in an aquarium, youre not really taking care of the fish; youre taking care of the water, and that, in turn, takes care of the fish. Fishkeeping requires a lot of patience and research, but the experience of seeing your fish thrive makes the hard work worth it.
There are millions of singers in the world. Some get the chance of getting on the stage and becoming famous and some remain great singers only within their homes. It needs to be mentioned here that internet has given us the opportunity to become a singer from our homes and without going to any studio, gigs, jams and concerts. You have several websites such as YouTube , Dailymotion, Vimeo etc. where you can upload your songs and get famous by posting your videos regularly. However, the most important thing you need to become famous is to sing impressively.
People love to hear your voice when you have emotions in it. They like to feel your lines and lyrics. They are trying to connect with their past and present conditions by listening to your voice. This is the reason they would start crying when you are singing a sad song. To keep emotions alive in your songs you have to pay attention to a few things. The most important is visualizing the song in a way that you can relate to. If the song is in any way connected to something that has happened to you, think about it while singing.
Try to visualize the song as if the song was made for you and your life. If the song is about loss, think about a loss in your life that made you sad. Such visualization helps greatly in bringing emotions in your songs. You can literally make people feel those emotions and feelings through your voice when you are visualizing everything. Second most important thing is to know how to breathe while singing. You have to know what parts of the song are best for breathing and what parts must not be destroyed by breathing in them.
You have to do certain breathing exercises in order to control your breathing while singing. For example, you have to know how to prepare to hit a long note and keep it going for a few seconds without letting your voice die out. While hitting that note and keeping up with it for a long time you have to make sure to keep your voice powerful. When you have to sing a long line of lyrics in the song in one breath you have to be careful that you dont break words with multiple syllables in a bad and immature way.
Lastly, it is important that you learn to control the microphone. How you handle your mic has a huge impact on your singing and emotions in the song. There are times in the song when you have to keep the mic close to your mouth and at times you have to push it away. In most cases, you would keep the mic closer when you are hitting the lower notes and your voice is very grave and low. When hitting high notes loudly, it is best to keep the mic away from your mouth. Maintaining just one position can really murder your overall performance.
In the mid- 20th century, people became more informed of the food they were eating, especially due to increases in lifestyle diseases and cancer. One of the reasons for the boom in disease was the use of chemicals to grow food. This revelation led to the re-introduction of organic farming; a move that aimed t increasing the amount of organically produced food in the market. Many families preferred to grow their food as was the best move especially because there is no guarantee that commercially produced food will be produced organically.
Unfortunately, some families did not have land to grow their food as the increased rate of economic growth reduced the availability of space. There was need to find a solution for these “soilless” individuals, which lead to introduction of hydroponics and aquaponics. The two systems still relied on the principles of organic gardening, which meant that there is no use of chemicals. Most of these systems are found in doors, which mean there is reduced access to pests. However, the farmers still need the benefits of insects such as pollinations. It would be best to build a tiny version of a bug hotel especially using sizeable dollhouses. In addition, the farmer needs to invest in some biological methods of pest and weed control, which will include; uisng a trap like a wasp trap in their soil less garden and the weeds can be fed to pet rabbits; it is possible to use rabbit hutch plans to build a sizeable hutch that can be held in the limited space.
Hydroponics and aquaponics are similar with a very little difference in terms of techniques.
Hydroponics is the art of soilless agriculture. Here the growing medium is a pH adjusted water solution, thus the Greek name hydro and ponos, meaning labor. The required minerals are dissolved in the water and absorbed easily. In fact, research has proven that plant roots absorb minerals easier when in water than when in soil. Sometimes inert medium is used to hold the roots e.g. sand, gravel, vermiculite, Rockwool, perlite, peatmoss. coir, coconut husks or sawdust
Aquaponics is more or less like hydroponics only that aquaculture is thrown in the mix. The fish’s waste offers rich organic manure for the plants provide oxygen for the fish, a classic case of symbiosis.
1. Startup speed – This is perhaps the biggest downside to aquaponics from a hydroponics perspective. In hydroponics, you just add commercially formulated nutrients to your nutrient reservoir and you are off to the races. With aquaponics, it takes about a month to start your system by developing a colony of nitrifying bacteria through a process called ‘cycling’. The ammonia from the fish waste will not be converted into the nitrates that the plants are seeking until this process is complete.
2. Relationship with bacteria – Hydroponic systems tend to be fairly sterile. I have visited hydroponic growing facilities where I had to wear coveralls and a hairnet to enter. Not so with aquaponics. Bacteria are revered by aquaponic gardeners because, as described above, they are the engine that drives our systems.
3. Flood and Drain cycle – Hydroponic growers using flood and drain techniques generally only fertigate their plants once every four to six hours. Academic studies and vast, collective experience have shown that this optimizes the water and fertilizer the plants need. When you move to anaquaponics system, however, the ideal schedule changes to flooding for 15 minutes every 45 minutes. The reason is that the grow bed now has taken on the additional role of being the filter for the fish waste. If you only ran the fish, water through the filter every four to six hours, fish waste would build to dangerous levels.
4. Grow bed depth – Hydroponic growers tend to use standard 6″ deep flood tables and put pots or cubes with plants in them in the flood trays. Again, because an aquaponics grow bed is serving a dual role of both home for the plants and bio-filter for the fish waste, both needs to be considered and optimized. Most media based aquaponic gardeners use 12″ deep grow beds filled with an inert media. Over the years, side by side trials have shown that this depth of grow bed develops the kind of robust bacteria colony needed to not only filter the liquid waste, but also to provide an excellent home for composting red worms and the heterotrophic bacteria needed to break down the solid waste from the fish.
5. Nutrients (supplementation) – Hydroponic gardeners live and die by their nutrients, and the supplements to those nutrients. Not so with aquaponic gardeners. The goal of an aquaponic garden is to achieve a state of balance within its ecosystem. Everything that goes into the system must work towards this end goal, and not harm any other element of the system. Anything added to the system to boost plant growth could, and probably will, harm the fish, possibly the bacteria colony, and the compost worms. There are a few exceptions to this, including the use of liquid seaweed, small amounts of chelated iron, and a few minerals to adjust pH. However, beyond those, aquaponic gardeners will think long and hard before adding anything to their systems except of course, fish feed.
6. Nutrients (dumping) – Hydroponic nutrients must be dumped and replaced on a regular basis to address nutrient imbalances that arise over time. This concept mystifies an aquaponic gardener. We only top up the fish tank with water, never dump, and replace it unless there is a severe, unexpected problem. “Why on earth would you get rid of all that beautiful fish waste?” the aquaponic gardener would query. The notion of nutrient imbalance is as foreign to an aquaponic gardener as it is to an organic soil gardener. Just as with healthy soil, a healthy aquaponics system just keeps getting better and better the longer it operates.
7. Plant disease – When I oversaw the plant grow lab at AeroGrow, we were constantly worried about disease. We sterilized anything that ever came into contact with the plants, their roots or the nutrient solution. The disease we feared the most was a fungus called pythium, or ‘root rot’, which is widely considered the scourge of hydroponics. Fortunately, pythium is almost non-existent in aquaponics. Researchers in Australia are currently studying why this is so, but my money is on all the bacteria and other living organisms in an aquaponics system. Logically they would help boost immunity; just as bacteria, helps boost our own body’s immunity. Hydroponics is more of a ‘boy in the bubble’ by comparison. In addition, the very high oxygen levels in an aquaponics system and the activity of the composting worms to clean up dead plant matter probably both help mitigate disease outbreaks.
8. Temperature – An important part of an effective program to prevent pythium outbreaks in hydroponics is to make sure that the nutrient solution does not get above 70 degrees F. Warm water is a perfect breeding ground for fungus, so keeping the water temperature below optimal breeding conditions for pythium makes sense. In aquaponics, however, the primary drivers of temperature are the requirements of the fish. The most widely used fish in North American aquaponics, after goldfish, are tilapia, and tilapia does best in water that is between 82 degrees and 86 degrees. The bacterium that drives the system is also happiest in that temperature range. Fortunately, because pythium is so rare in aquaponics this is not an issue. The plants don’t seem to mind either, as a 2005 report by Dr. Nick Savidov at the Crop Diversification Center in Alberta, Canada showed, aquaponics is every bit as effective at growing plants as hydroponics.
9. pH – Optimal pH in a hydroponics system is 5.5 to 6.0. In aquaponics, pH is another factor that is compromised between the plants, fish and bacteria. Optimal pH is 6.8 – 7.0, which is again more closely related to what an organic soil gardener would target.
10. Insect control – You have probably guessed by now that because aquaponics is an organic system that uses fish, special care needs to be taken with regard to insect control. Even commonly used organic sprays such as insecticidal soap or neem oil could be harmful if over-sprayed into the fish tank. On the plus side, however, you can engage your fish in your insect control efforts. If I have an insect problem on a small plant, such as young peppers or salad greens, I will remove them from the grow bed and let them soak in the fish tank for up to an hour. The bugs eventually loosen their grip on the plant and become fish food.